Dell Inc. President John A Swainson bought 100000 shares on 2-23-2012 at $ 17.25
Dell delivers innovative technology and services which customers trust and value. As a leading technology company, we offer a broad range of products and services that we believe create optimal solutions for our customers that will provide them with the power to do more.
Our company is a Delaware corporation and was founded in 1984 by Michael Dell on a simple concept: by selling computer systems directly to customers, we can best understand their needs and efficiently provide the most effective computing solutions to meet those needs. Over time we have expanded our business model to include a broader portfolio of products and services, and we have also added new distribution channels, such as retail, system integrators, value-added resellers, and distributors, which allow us to reach even more end-users around the world. We have optimized our global supply chain to best serve our global customer base, with a significant portion of our production capabilities performed by contract manufacturers.
Dell Inc. is a holding company that conducts its business worldwide through its subsidiaries. Our global corporate headquarters is located in Round Rock, Texas. When we refer to our company and its business in this report, we are referring to the business and activities of our consolidated subsidiaries. We operate principally in one industry, and we manage our business in four global customer-oriented operating segments that we identify as Large Enterprise, Public, Small and Medium Business, and Consumer.
We are committed to managing and operating our business in a responsible and sustainable manner around the globe. This includes our commitment to environmental responsibility in all areas of our business. See â€śGovernment Regulation and Sustainabilityâ€ť below for additional information. This also includes our focus on maintaining a strong control environment, high ethical standards, and financial reporting integrity. See â€śPart II â€” Item 9A â€” Controls and Proceduresâ€ť for a discussion of our internal control over financial reporting.
Dell built its reputation as a leading technology provider through listening to customers and developing solutions that meet customer needs. We are focused on providing long-term value creation through the delivery of customized solutions that make technology more efficient, more accessible, and easier to use.
We will continue to focus on shifting our portfolio to higher-margin and recurring revenue streams over time, improving our core business, and maintaining a balance of liquidity, profitability, and growth. We consistently focus on generating strong cash flow returns, which allows us to expand our capabilities and acquire new ones. We seek to grow revenue over the long term while improving operating income and cash flow. In accordance with our differentiated view of enterprise solutions, we offer our customers open, capable, affordable, and integrated solutions. We have three primary components to our strategy:
â€˘ Providing Efficient Enterprise Solutions. We are focused on expanding our enterprise solutions and services, which include servers, networking, storage, and services. We believe opportunities for data centers, servers and storage will continue to expand and we are focused on providing these best value, simplification, and more open data center solutions to our customers. These are the kind of solutions that we believe Dell is well positioned to provide. We believe that our installed customer base, access to customers of all sizes, and capabilities position us to achieve growth in our customer solutions business. We will focus our investments to grow our business organically as well as inorganically through alliances and strategic acquisitions. Our acquisition strategy will continue to target opportunities that we believe will expand our business by delivering best-value solutions for the enterprise.
â€˘ Creating a Flexible Value Chain and Accelerating Online Leadership. We seek to profitably grow our desktop and mobility business and enhance the online buying experience for our customers. We have improved our competitiveness through cost efficiency initiatives, which are focused on improving design, supply chain, logistics, and operating expenses to adjust to the changing dynamics of our industry. We will continue our efforts to simplify our product offerings to eliminate complexity that does not generate customer value and focus on product leadership by developing next generation capabilities. Additionally, we will continue to deepen our skill sets and relationships within each of our business units with the goal of delivering best in-class products and services globally.
â€˘ Balancing Liquidity, Profitability, and Growth. We seek to maintain a strong balance sheet with sufficient liquidity to provide us with the flexibility to respond quickly to changes in our dynamic industry. As we shift our portfolio focus more to enterprise solutions and services, which we believe will improve our profitability, our financial flexibility will allow us to make longer term investments. We continue to manage all of our businesses with the goals of delivering operating income over the long term and balancing this profitability with an appropriate level of long-term revenue growth.
By successfully executing our strategy and driving greater efficiency and productivity in how we operate, we believe we can help customers grow and thrive and create long-term value for our shareholders.
Operating Business Segments
All of our goals begin and end with the customer. Striving to meet and exceed customer needs is at the heart of everything we do. We believe our business segments allow us to serve our customers with faster innovation and greater responsiveness, and enable us to better understand and address their challenges. Our four global business segments are:
â€˘ Large Enterprise â€” Our Large Enterprise customers include large global and national corporate businesses. We believe that a single large-enterprise unit enhances our knowledge of our customers and improves our advantage in delivering globally consistent and cost-effective solutions and services to many of the worldâ€™s largest IT users. We seek to continue improving our global leadership and relationships with these customers. Our efforts in this segment will be increasingly focused on delivering innovative products and services through data center and cloud computing solutions.
â€˘ Public â€” Our Public customers, which include educational institutions, government, health care, and law enforcement agencies, operate in their own communities. Their missions are aligned with their constituentsâ€™ needs. Our customers measure their success against a common goal of improving lives, and they require that their partners, vendors, and suppliers understand their goals and help them achieve their objectives. We intend to further our understanding of our Public customersâ€™ goals and missions and extend our leadership in answering their urgent IT challenges. To meet our customersâ€™ goals more effectively, we are focusing on simplifying IT, providing faster deployment of IT applications, expanding our enterprise and services offerings, and strengthening our partner relations to build best of breed integrated solutions.
â€˘ Small and Medium Business (â€śSMBâ€ť) â€” Our SMB segment is focused on helping small and medium-sized businesses get the most out of their technology by offering open, capable, and affordable solutions, innovative products, and customizable services and solutions. As cloud computing and workforce mobility become a routine part of a growing businessâ€™s operations, server and storage virtualization facilitate achievement of the organizationâ€™s IT goals. Our SMB segment continues to create and deliver SMB-specific solutions so customers worldwide can take advantage of these emerging technologies and grow their businesses.
â€˘ Consumer â€” Our Consumer segment is focused on what customers want from the total technology experience of entertainment, mobility, gaming, and design. Using insights from listening to our customers around the world, we are designing new, open, innovative products and experiences with fast development cycles and competitive features. We will continue our efforts to deliver high quality entertainment
capabilities, which represent the changing shape of computing and next generation connectivity for the â€śalways-onâ€ť lifestyle, and innovations for a unified experience across the entire portfolio of Dell Consumer products.
We also refer to our Large Enterprise, Public, and SMB segments as â€śCommercialâ€ť. For financial information about the results of our reportable operating segments for each of the last three fiscal years, see â€śPart II â€” Item 7 â€” Managementâ€™s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations â€” Results of Operations â€” Segment Discussionâ€ť and Note 16 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in â€śPart II â€” Item 8 â€” Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.â€ť
Products and Services
Our aim is to provide customers with integrated business solutions. We design, develop, manufacture, market, sell, and support a wide range of products and services that can be customized to individual customer requirements. We also offer or arrange various customer financial services for our business and consumer customers in the U.S.
Enterprise Solutions and Services
â€˘ Enterprise Solutions
Enterprise solutions includes our servers, networking, and storage products.
Servers and Networking â€” Our standards-based PowerEdge line of servers is designed to offer customers affordable performance, reliability, and scalability. Options include high performance rack, blade, and tower servers for enterprise customers and value tower servers for small organizations, networks, and remote offices. We also offer customized Dell server solutions for large data center customers. During Fiscal 2011, we expanded our PowerEdge rack servers and PowerEdge C cloud offerings. We also expanded our networking product offerings and introduced our PowerConnect J-series. These products serve as part of our mission to help companies of all sizes simplify their IT environments.
Storage â€” We offer a comprehensive portfolio of Dell-branded and third-party advanced storage solutions, including storage area networks, network-attached storage, direct-attached storage, disk and tape backup systems, and removable disk backup. With our advanced storage solutions for mainstream buyers, we offer customers functionality and value while reducing complexity in the enterprise. Our storage systems are easy to deploy, manage, and maintain. The flexibility and scalability offered by our Dell PowerVault and Dell EqualLogic (â€śEqualLogicâ€ť) storage systems help organizations optimize storage for diverse environments with varied requirements. During Fiscal 2011, we expanded our storage portfolio by adding a variety of increasingly flexible new Dell PowerVault, Dell EqualLogic, and Dell DX Object storage choices that allow customers to grow capacity, add performance and protect their data in a more economical manner. We are shifting towards more Dell-branded storage offerings. In addition, our recent acquisitions of Ocarina Networks, Inc. in Fiscal 2011 and Compellent Technologies, Inc. in early Fiscal 2012 will enable us to expand our storage product offerings. We believe that along with our solid position with the EqualLogic product line, these acquisitions allow us to expand our customer base for mid-range and high-end storage solutions and deliver integrated data management solutions to our customers.
Our services include a broad range of configurable IT and business services, including infrastructure technology, consulting and applications, and product-related support services. Our customer engagement model groups our services with similar demand, economic, and delivery profiles into three categories of services: transactional; outsourcing; and project-based.
â€˘ Transactional â€” We offer services that are closely tied to the sale of our servers, storage, and client hardware. These services include support services, managed deployment, enterprise installation, and configuration services.
â€˘ Outsourcing â€” Our outsourcing services business is designed to reduce customer costs and help to increase the efficiency and improve the quality of customer business operations. Our outsourcing services include data center and systems management, network management, life cycle application development and management services, and business process outsourcing services. A significant portion of the revenue we derive from our outsourcing services contracts is typically recurring in nature.
â€˘ Project-based â€” We also offer short-term services that address a wide array of client needs, including IT infrastructure, applications, business process, and business consulting.
Software and Peripherals
We offer Dell-branded printers and displays and a multitude of competitively priced third-party peripheral products such as printers, televisions, notebook accessories, mice, keyboards, networking and wireless products, digital cameras, and other products. We also sell a wide range of third-party software products, including operating systems, business and office applications, anti-virus and related security software, entertainment software, and products in various other categories. We operate an online software store, the Dell Download Store, for consumers and small and medium-sized businesses.
Our client products include mobility and desktop products.
We offer a variety of mobility products, including laptops, netbooks, tablets and smartphones to our Commercial and Consumer customers.
â€˘ Commercial â€” Our Latitude, Vostro, and Dell Precision lines of mobility notebooks are designed with our Commercial customers in mind. The Latitude line is designed to help our Commercial customers manage their total cost of ownership through managed product lifecycles. The Vostro line is designed to customize technology, services, and expertise to suit the specific needs of small businesses. We also offer the Precision line of mobile workstations for professional users who demand exceptional performance to run sophisticated applications. During Fiscal 2011, we introduced a new line-up of Latitude laptops, the new Vostro 3000 series laptop computers, the Dell Precision M4500 mobile workstations, and made additions to our Dell Latitude E-family of laptops.
â€˘ Consumer â€” For our Consumer customers, we offer the Inspiron, XPS and Alienware lines of laptops. The Inspiron line of notebook computers is designed for those seeking the latest technology and high performance in a stylish and affordable package. During Fiscal 2011, we introduced additional models to our Inspiron family of notebooks including the Inspiron Duo, a tablet computer that easily converts to a laptop. Our Alienware line includes high performance gaming systems targeted at customers seeking high-quality experiences and cutting edge designs. In addition, during Fiscal 2011, we introduced a new family of XPS laptops that are designed to provide the ultimate entertainment experience in sound, graphics and 3D-capabilities.
â€˘ Desktop PCs
Our desktops PCs consist of the Optiplex, Precision, and Vostro lines, which are targeted to our Commercial customers, and the Inspiron, XPS, and Alienware lines, which are designed with our Consumer customers in mind.
â€˘ Commercial â€” The OptiPlex line of desktops allows our Commercial customers to manage their total cost of ownership by providing them with a portfolio of secure, manageable, and stable lifecycle products. The Vostro line is designed to provide technology and services to suit the specific needs of small businesses. Dell Precision desktop workstations are intended for professional users who demand exceptional performance from hardware platforms optimized and certified to run sophisticated applications, such as those needed for three-dimensional computer-aided design, digital content creation, geographic information systems, computer animation, software development, computer-aided engineering, game development, and financial analysis.
â€˘ Consumer â€” The Inspiron line of desktop computers is designed for mainstream PC users requiring the latest features for their productivity and entertainment needs. We target sales of the Alienware line of desktop computers to customers seeking features ranging from multimedia capability to high performance gaming. Our XPS desktops are designed for customers seeking high performance for the most demanding entertainment needs.
We offer or arrange various customer financial services for our business and consumer customers in the U.S. through Dell Financial Services L.L.C. (â€śDFSâ€ť), a wholly-owned subsidiary of Dell. DFS offers a wide range of financial services, including originating, collecting, and servicing customer receivables related to the purchase of Dell products. DFS offers private label credit financing programs, through an unrelated, nationally chartered bank, to qualified consumer and commercial customers and offers leases and fixed-term financing to commercial customers. Financing through DFS is one of many sources of funding that our customers may select. For additional information about our financing arrangements, see â€śPart II â€” Item 7 â€” Managementâ€™s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations â€” Financing Receivablesâ€ť and Note 4 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in â€śPart II â€” Item 8 â€” Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.â€ť Currently, to support the financing needs of our customers internationally, we have aligned with a select number of third party financial services companies. These financial services companies work directly with our customers to originate and service financing arrangements, enabling customers to finance and purchase Dell products and services. We are exploring the possibility of expanding the DFS operations into select international markets, with the expectation that we will continue to work with third parties where appropriate.
from third-party suppliers. Quality control is maintained through the testing of components, sub-assemblies, and systems at various stages in the manufacturing process. Quality control also includes a burn-in period for completed units after assembly, ongoing production reliability audits, failure tracking for early identification of production and component problems, and information from customers obtained through services and support programs. We are certified to the ISO (International Organization for Standardization) 9001: 2008 Quality management systems standard. This certification includes most of our global sites that design, manufacture, and service our products.
We purchase materials, supplies, product components, and products from a large number of vendors. In some cases, multiple sources of supply are not available and hence we have to rely on single-source vendors. In other cases, we may establish a working relationship with a single source or a limited number of sources if we believe it is advantageous to do so due to performance, quality, support, delivery, capacity, or price considerations. These relationships and dependencies have not caused material supply disruptions in the past, and we believe that any disruption that may occur because of our dependency on single-or limited-source vendors would not disproportionately disadvantage us relative to our competitors. See â€śPart I â€” Item 1A â€” Risk Factorsâ€ť for information about the risks associated with single- or limited-source suppliers.
For additional information about our products and services, see â€śPart II â€” Item 7 â€” Managementâ€™s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations â€” Results of Operations â€” Revenue by Product and Services Categories,â€ť and Notes 4 and 16 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in â€śPart II â€” Item 8 â€” Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.â€ť
We focus on developing modular and scalable technologies that incorporate highly desirable features and capabilities at competitive prices. We employ a collaborative approach to product design and development in which our engineers, with direct customer input, design innovative solutions and work with a global network of technology companies to architect new system designs, influence the direction of future development, and integrate new technologies into our products. Through this collaborative, customer-focused approach, we strive to deliver new and relevant products, such as our enterprise solutions, and services to the market quickly and efficiently. Our total research, development, and engineering expenses were $661 million for Fiscal 2011, $624 million for Fiscal 2010, and $665 million for Fiscal 2009.
Manufacturing and Materials
Third parties manufacture the majority of the client products we sell under the Dell brand. We have expanded our use of contract manufacturers and manufacturing outsourcing relationships to achieve our goals of generating cost efficiencies, delivering products faster, better serving our customers, and building a world-class supply chain. Our manufacturing facilities are located in Austin, Texas; Penang, Malaysia; Xiamen, China; HortolĂ˘ndia, Brazil; Chennai, India; and Lodz, Poland. Beginning in Fiscal 2009, we have reduced our fixed costs by selling, closing and consolidating manufacturing and other facilities, and have moved toward a more variable cost manufacturing model. In connection with our implementation of this model, we have announced the sale of our Poland facility, which is expected to be finalized in the first half of Fiscal 2012. See â€śPart I â€” Item 2 â€” Propertiesâ€ť for information about our manufacturing and distribution locations.
Our manufacturing process consists of assembly, software installation, functional testing, and quality control. Testing and quality control processes are also applied to components, parts, sub-assemblies, and systems obtained
Donald J. Carty
Director since December 1992
No Board committees Mr. Carty is the former Vice Chairman and Chief Financial Officer of Dell, having held that office from January 2007 until June 2008. In that role, he was responsible for all finance functions, including controller, corporate planning, tax, treasury operations, investor relations, corporate development, risk management, and corporate audit. Mr. Carty was the Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of AMR Corporation and American Airlines from 1998 until his retirement in 2003. He served in a variety of executive positions with AMR Corporation, AMR Airline Group and American Airlines from 1978 to 1985 and from 1987 to 1999, including as Chief Financial Officer of AMR Corporation and American Airlines Inc. from October 1989 until March 1995. Mr. Carty was President and Chief Executive Officer of Canadian Pacific Air Lines, known as CP Air, in Canada from 1985 to 1987. After his retirement from AMR and American Airlines Inc. in 2003, Mr. Carty engaged in numerous business and private investment activities with a variety of companies. Mr. Carty is also a director of Barrick Gold Corporation, Gluskin Sheff and Associates, Talisman Energy Inc. and Canadian National Railway Company. Additionally, Mr. Carty was a member of the board of directors of Hawaiian Holdings Inc. from August 2004 until February 2007 and again from April 2008 until May 2011, of CHC Helicopter Corp. from November 2004 until September 2008, of Solution Inc., Ltd. from July 2004 until January 2007, of Sears Holding Corp. from May 2001 until May 2007 and of Placer Dome Inc. from April 2005 until March 2006.
â€˘ Leadership Experience â€” CFO of Dell; CEO and
CFO of AMR Corporation and American Airlines;
President and CEO of CP Air
â€˘ Finance Experience â€” CFO of Dell and AMR
Corporation and American Airlines
â€˘ Industry Experience â€” CFO of Dell with
knowledge of Dellâ€™s operating environment
MANAGEMENT DISCUSSION FROM LATEST 10K
We are a leading integrated technology solutions provider in the IT industry. We built our reputation through listening to customers and developing solutions that meet customer needs. We are focused on providing long-term value creation through the delivery of customized solutions that make technology more efficient, more accessible, and easier to use. Customer needs are increasingly being defined by how they use technology rather than where they use it, which is why our businesses are globally organized. Our four global business segments are Large Enterprise, Public, Small and Medium Business (â€śSMBâ€ť), and Consumer. We also refer to our Large Enterprise, Public, and SMB segments as â€śCommercial.â€ť Our globally organized business units reflect the impact of globalization on our customer base.
A key component of our business strategy is to continue shifting our portfolio to products and services that provide higher-margin and recurring revenue streams over time. As part of this strategy, we emphasize expansion of our enterprise solutions and services. We group our services with similar demand, economic and delivery profiles into three categories: transactional; outsourcing; and project-based. Our enterprise products include servers, networking, and storage products. The growth of our enterprise solutions and services business has contributed to improvements in our operating margins.
We are focusing on product leadership by developing next generation capabilities for client products, which include our mobility and desktop PC products. We employ a collaborative approach to product design and development in which our engineers, with direct customer input, design innovative solutions and work with a global network of technology companies to architect new system designs, influence the direction of future development, and integrate new technologies into our products. Through this collaborative, customer-focused approach, we strive to deliver new and relevant products and services to the market quickly and efficiently. We have also been focusing on improving the profitability of our client products by improving our supply chain execution and simplifying our product offerings. The majority of our products are now produced by contract manufacturers.
All regions of our global business experienced revenue increases in Fiscal 2011. Emerging countries with a vast majority of the worldâ€™s population represent some of our most attractive growth markets. In recent years, we have increased our investment in Brazil, Russia, India, and China and have tailored our products and services to meet the specific needs of customers in these countries.
We supplement organic growth with a disciplined acquisition program targeting businesses that will expand our portfolio of enterprise solutions offerings. We emphasize acquisitions of companies with portfolios that we can leverage with our global customer base and distribution. We followed our acquisition of Perot Systems Corporation (â€śPerot Systemsâ€ť) in late Fiscal 2010 with a number of acquisitions throughout Fiscal 2011, which extended our core capabilities in a variety of enterprise solutions offerings, including storage, systems management appliances, virtual infrastructure management, SaaS application integration, and cloud-based medical records management. The comparability of our results of operations for Fiscal 2011 compared to Fiscal 2010 and Fiscal 2009 are affected by these acquisitions, primarily our acquisition and ongoing integration of Perot Systems. See our Services discussion under â€śResults of Operations â€” Revenue by Product and Services Categoriesâ€ť below for a comparison of Dellâ€™s Services revenue for Fiscal 2011 compared to the prior yearsâ€™ results of Dell Services and Perot Systems.
Presentation of Supplemental Non-GAAP Financial Measures
In this managementâ€™s discussion and analysis, we use supplemental measures of our performance, which are derived from our consolidated financial information but which are not presented in our consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (â€śGAAPâ€ť). These financial measures, which are considered â€śnon-GAAP financial measuresâ€ť under SEC rules, include our non-GAAP gross margin, non-GAAP operating expenses, non-GAAP operating income, non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP earnings per share. See â€śResults of Operations â€” Non-GAAP Financial Measuresâ€ť
below for information about our use of these non-GAAP financial measures, including our reasons for including the measures, material limitations with respect to the usefulness of the measures, and a reconciliation of each non-GAAP financial measure to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure.
(a) Non-GAAP gross margin, non-GAAP operating expenses, non-GAAP operating income, non-GAAP net income, and non-GAAP earnings per share are not measurements of financial performance prepared in accordance with GAAP. See â€śNon-GAAP Financial Measuresâ€ť below for information about these non-GAAP financial measures, including our reasons for including the measures, material limitations with respect to the usefulness of the measures, and a reconciliation of each non-GAAP financial measure to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure.
During Fiscal 2011, our total net revenue increased 16% year-over-year with increases across all our Commercial segments, and a slight increase in our Consumer segment. Commercial segments increased 20% year-over-year, and represented approximately 80% of our total net revenue during Fiscal 2011. The recovery in the economy during Fiscal 2011 helped strengthen demand from our Commercial customers as the corporate refresh cycle continued, particularly for our Large Enterprise and SMB customers. Demand from our Consumer customers softened during late Fiscal 2011 compared to late Fiscal 2010 when the launch of Windows 7 increased demand for our Consumer client products.
Our profitability has been improving sequentially for the past four quarters, with stronger results in the latter half of Fiscal 2011. The improving profitability was in part due to growth in our enterprise solutions and services business. For Fiscal 2011, enterprise solutions and services revenue, including the contribution from Perot Systems, grew 27% year-over-year to $17.6 billion, and gross margins generated from this category grew 24% year-over-year. We believe these solutions are customized to the needs of users, easy to use, and affordable. We have also improved profitability in our client product business by simplifying our product offerings, optimizing our supply chain, and improving pricing discipline during this period of favorable component cost environment. We will remain focused on profitability by continuing our efforts to provide IT solutions to our customers in areas such as enterprise solutions and services, and will continue to utilize our flexible supply chain to enhance the profitability of our client products.
Fiscal 2011 compared to Fiscal 2010
â€˘ Product Revenue â€” Product revenue increased year-over-year by 14% for Fiscal 2011. Our product revenue performance was primarily attributable to improved customer demand as a result of increased global IT spending from our Commercial customers across all product categories as well as a shift in mix to higher priced products. See â€śRevenue by Product and Services Categoriesâ€ť for further information regarding the average selling prices of our products.
â€˘ Services Revenue, including software related â€” Services revenue, including software related increased year-over-year by 25% for Fiscal 2011. Our services revenue performance was attributable to a 36% year-over-year increase in services revenue and an increase of 7% in software related services revenue during Fiscal 2011. The increase in services revenue was primarily due to our acquisition of Perot Systems in the fourth quarter of Fiscal 2010, which was integrated into our Public and Large Enterprise segments.
During Fiscal 2011, revenue from the U.S. increased 14% to $31.9 billion and represented 52% of total net revenue. Revenue from outside the U.S. increased 19% to $29.6 billion and represented 48% of total net revenue. Revenue from Brazil, Russia, India, and China, which we refer to as â€śBRIC,â€ť increased 38% year-over-year, on a combined basis, for Fiscal 2011. Total revenue from BRIC has been increasing sequentially since the fourth quarter of Fiscal 2009 and represented 12.3% of our total net revenue for Fiscal 2011 compared to 10.5% in the prior year. We are continuing to expand into these and other emerging countries that represent the vast majority of the worldâ€™s population, tailor solutions to meet specific regional needs, and enhance relationships to provide customer choice and flexibility.
We manage our business on a U.S. dollar basis and utilize a comprehensive hedging strategy intended to mitigate the impact of foreign currency volatility over time. As a result of our hedging programs, the impact of currency movements was not material to our total net revenue for Fiscal 2011, Fiscal 2010, or Fiscal 2009.
Fiscal 2010 compared to Fiscal 2009
â€˘ Product Revenue â€” Product revenue and unit shipments decreased year-over-year by 17% and 6%, respectively, for Fiscal 2010. Our product revenue performance was primarily attributable to a decrease in customer demand from our Commercial segments and lower average selling prices in our Consumer segment.
â€˘ Services Revenue, including software related â€” Services revenue, including software related increased year-over-year by 5% during Fiscal 2010. The increase in services revenue was largely due to our acquisition of Perot Systems, which contributed $588 million in services revenue during the fourth quarter of Fiscal 2010. Excluding the contribution by Perot Systems, services revenue decreased 2%. Our service offerings have traditionally been tied to the sale of hardware; therefore, the 6% decline in hardware demand negatively impacted our services revenue.
Outside the U.S., we experienced a 16% year-over-year revenue decline for Fiscal 2010 compared to an approximate decline of 11% in revenue for the U.S. during the same period. Revenue outside the U.S. represented approximately 47% of net revenue for Fiscal 2010. At a consolidated level, BRIC revenue increased 4% during Fiscal 2010.
Fiscal 2011 compared to Fiscal 2010
â€˘ Products â€” During Fiscal 2011, product gross margins increased in absolute dollars year-over-year and in gross margin percentage. Product gross margin percentage increased from 14.1% for Fiscal 2010 to 15.9% for Fiscal 2011. Decreasing component costs, improved pricing discipline, better sales and supply chain execution, and improved quality resulting in favorable warranty experience contributed to the year-over-year increase in product gross margin percentage. We have created a flexible supply chain that has improved our supply chain execution and have simplified our product offerings. Additionally, in the second half of Fiscal 2011, we began to benefit from decreasing component costs, particularly for memory and displays. We expect this favorable component cost environment will moderate in the first half of Fiscal 2012.
â€˘ Services, including software related â€” During Fiscal 2011, our services gross margin increased in absolute dollars compared to the prior fiscal year, although our gross margin percentage decreased. The decrease in gross margin percentage for services, including software related was primarily due to a higher mix of outsourcing and project-related services. Our gross margin rate for services, including software related, is driven by our transactional services, which consist primarily of our extended warranty sales, offset by lower margin categories such as outsourcing and project-related services. Our extended warranty services are more profitable because we sell extended warranty offerings directly to customers rather than through a distribution channel.
Total gross margin for Fiscal 2011 increased 23% to $11.4 billion on a GAAP basis and 22% to $11.7 billion on a non-GAAP basis from Fiscal 2010. Gross margin on a GAAP basis for Fiscal 2011 and Fiscal 2010 includes the effects of amortization of intangible assets, severance and facility action costs, and acquisition-related charges. As set forth in the reconciliation under â€śNon-GAAP Financial Measuresâ€ť below, these items are excluded from the calculation of non-GAAP gross margin for Fiscal 2011 and Fiscal 2010. Amortization of intangible assets included in gross margin increased 84% to $278 million for Fiscal 2011. The increase in amortization of intangibles for Fiscal 2011 was primarily due to an increase in intangible assets of $1.2 billion in Fiscal 2010 related to our acquisition of Perot Systems. Severance and facility action costs included in gross margin decreased 78% to $53 million during Fiscal 2011. The decrease in severance and facility action costs was due to a decrease in cost reduction activities from Fiscal 2010. While we believe that we have completed a significant portion of our manufacturing transformation, we expect to implement additional cost reduction measures depending on a number of factors, including end-user demand for our products and services and the continued simplification of our sales organizations and supply and logistics chain. Additional cost reduction measures may include selected headcount reductions, as well as other cost reduction programs.
Fiscal 2010 compared to Fiscal 2009
â€˘ Products â€” Product gross margin decreased in absolute dollars and in gross margin percentage during Fiscal 2010. The decline in gross margin dollars was attributable to softer demand, change in sales mix, and lower average selling prices. Additionally, during Fiscal 2010, gross margins were negatively impacted by component cost pressures.
â€˘ Services, including software related â€” During Fiscal 2010, our services gross margin decreased in absolute dollars compared to the prior fiscal year with a corresponding decrease in gross margin percentage. Our solution services offerings faced competitive pricing pressures, resulting in lower gross margin percentages.
Total gross margin for Fiscal 2010 decreased 15% to $9.3 billion on a GAAP basis and 14% to $9.6 billion on a non-GAAP basis from Fiscal 2009. Gross margin on a GAAP basis for Fiscal 2010 includes the effects of severance and facility action costs, amortization of intangible assets, and acquisition-related charges. Gross margin on a GAAP basis for Fiscal 2009 includes the effects of severance and facility action costs, amortization of intangible assets, and stock option accelerated vesting charges. As set forth in the reconciliation under â€śNon-GAAP Financial Measuresâ€ť below, these items are excluded from the calculation of non-GAAP gross margin for Fiscal 2010 and Fiscal 2009. Amortization of intangible assets included in gross margin increased 156% to $151 million for Fiscal 2010. The increase in amortization of intangibles for Fiscal 2010 was primarily due to an increase in intangible assets from our acquisition of Perot Systems in Fiscal 2010 discussed above. Severance and facility action costs included in gross margin increased 62% to $236 million during Fiscal 2010 due to our migration to contract manufacturers and closures of certain manufacturing facilities. For Fiscal 2009, we incurred $104 million in certain stock-based compensation charges related to accelerated options that had an exercise price greater than the current market stock price. Included in gross margin on a GAAP basis is $16 million from these stock option accelerated vesting charges, which are excluded from the calculation of our non-GAAP gross margin. We did not have any accelerated stock option expenses in Fiscal 2010.
Vendor Rebate Programs
Our gross margin is affected by our ability to achieve competitive pricing with our vendors and contract manufacturers, including through our negotiation of a variety of vendor rebate programs to achieve lower net costs for the various components we include in our products. Under these programs, vendors provide us with rebates or other discounts from the list prices for the components, which are generally elements of their pricing strategy. Vendor rebate programs are only one element of the costs we negotiate for our product components. We account for rebates and other discounts as a reduction in cost of net revenue. Our total net cost includes supplier list prices reduced by vendor rebates and other discounts. We manage our costs on a total net cost basis.
The terms and conditions of our vendor rebate programs are largely based on product volumes and are generally not long-term in nature, but instead are typically negotiated at the beginning of each quarter. Because of the fluid nature of these ongoing negotiations, which reflect changes in the competitive environment, the timing and amount of rebates and other discounts we receive under the programs may vary from period to period. Since we manage our component costs on a total net cost basis, any fluctuations in the timing and amount of rebates and other discounts we receive from vendors may not necessarily result in material changes to our gross margin. We monitor our component costs and seek to address the effects of any changes to terms that might arise under our vendor rebate programs. Our gross margins for Fiscal 2011, Fiscal 2010, and Fiscal 2009, were not materially affected by any changes to the terms of our vendor rebate programs, as the amounts we received under these programs were generally stable relative to our total net cost. We are not aware of any significant programmatic changes to vendor pricing and rebate programs that will impact our results in the near term.
Fiscal 2011 compared to Fiscal 2010
â€˘ Selling, General, and Administrative â€” During Fiscal 2011, selling, general, and administrative (â€śSG&Aâ€ť) expenses increased year-over-year, while SG&A expenses as a percentage of net revenue decreased. The increase in SG&A expenses was primarily attributable to increases in compensation-related expenses and advertising and promotional expenses. Compensation-related expenses, excluding severance-related expenses, increased approximately $679 million due to an increase in performance-based compensation expense, which is tied to revenue and operating income growth, and cash flow targets, and an increase in headcount. Our headcount increased approximately 6% due to our acquisitions and new hires relating to our strategic initiatives. We also experienced a year-over-year increase of $111 million in advertising and promotional expenses. These increases were offset in part by decreases in severance and facility action costs and acquisition-related expenses discussed below.
â€˘ Research, Development, and Engineering â€” During Fiscal 2011, research, development, and engineering (â€śRD&Eâ€ť) expenses remained at approximately 1% of revenue, consistent with the prior fiscal year. We manage our research, development, and engineering spending by targeting those innovations and products that we believe are most valuable to our customers and by relying upon the capabilities of our strategic relationships. We will continue to invest in RD&E activities to support our growth and to provide for new, competitive products.
Total operating expenses for Fiscal 2011 increased 12% to $8.0 billion on a GAAP basis and 14% to $7.6 billion on a non-GAAP basis for Fiscal 2011 over Fiscal 2010. Operating expenses on a GAAP basis for Fiscal 2011 and Fiscal 2010 includes severance and facility charges, amortization of intangible assets, and acquisition-related charges. For Fiscal 2011, operating expenses on a GAAP basis also includes $100 million we incurred for our settlement of the SEC investigation and a $40 million charge for a securities litigation class action lawsuit that was filed against Dell during Fiscal 2007. See â€śPart II â€” Item 9A â€” Controls and Proceduresâ€ť for further discussion of our settlement of the SEC investigation. As set forth in the reconciliation under â€śNon-GAAP Financial Measuresâ€ť below, non-GAAP operating expenses for Fiscal 2011 and for Fiscal 2010 excludes the effects of these severance and facility action costs, amortization of intangible assets, and acquisition-related charges, and, for Fiscal 2011, the settlements referred to above. Severance and facility action costs included in operating expenses decreased year-over-year by 69% to $76 million for Fiscal 2011. Amortization of intangibles and acquisition-related charges included in operating expenses increased 31% to $71 million and decreased 18% to $94 million over Fiscal 2010, respectively, and were primarily related to our acquisition of Perot Systems in Fiscal 2010 as well as our Fiscal 2011 acquisitions.
We expect integration costs related to our acquisitions, primarily of Perot Systems, to continue over the next fiscal years. In addition, we will continue to review our costs across all processes and organizations with the goals of reducing complexity and eliminating redundancies. While we have made significant progress in the transformation of our manufacturing and logistics areas, we expect to take further actions to reduce costs while investing in strategic growth areas.
Fiscal 2010 compared to Fiscal 2009
â€˘ Selling, General, and Administrative â€” For Fiscal 2010, SG&A expenses decreased compared to Fiscal 2009 primarily due to decreases in compensation, advertising expenses, and improved general spending controls. Compensation and benefits expense, excluding expenses related to headcount reductions, decreased approximately $300 million in Fiscal 2010 compared to Fiscal 2009. With the increase in retail volumes, which typically incur less advertising costs, advertising expenses decreased approximately $200 million year-over-year from Fiscal 2009. Due to company-wide spending control measures, there were large decreases in most other categories of expenses, including travel, maintenance, telecommunications, utilities, training, and recruiting, resulting in savings of over $340 million. These decreases were partially offset by an increase in accounts receivable bad debt of $40 million resulting from the challenging business environment during Fiscal 2010.
â€˘ Research, Development, and Engineering â€” For Fiscal 2010, RD&E expenses remained at approximately 1% of revenue, consistent with prior years.
Total operating expenses for Fiscal 2010 decreased 9% to $7.1 billion on a GAAP basis and 11% to $6.7 billion on a non-GAAP basis from Fiscal 2009. Operating expenses on a GAAP basis for Fiscal 2010 includes the effects of severance and facility action costs, acquisition-related charges, and amortization of intangible assets. For Fiscal 2009, operating expenses on a GAAP basis includes the effects of severance and facility action costs, amortization of intangible assets, and stock option accelerated vesting charges. As set forth in the reconciliation under â€śNon-GAAP Financial Measuresâ€ť below, these charges are excluded from operating expenses on a non-GAAP basis. Severance and facility action costs included in operating expenses increased 80% to $245 million in Fiscal 2010. Acquisition-related charges and amortization of intangibles included in operating expenses increased from $0 to $115 million for Fiscal 2010 and 17% to $54 million for Fiscal 2010. Operating expenses for amortization of intangible assets and acquisition-related costs were primarily related to our acquisition of Perot Systems in Fiscal 2010. Non-GAAP operating expenses for Fiscal 2009 excluded $88 million in stock option accelerated vesting charges.
Operating and Net Income
Fiscal 2011 compared to Fiscal 2010
â€˘ Operating Income â€” During Fiscal 2011, operating income increased 58% to $3.4 billion on a GAAP basis and 40% to $4.1 billion on a non-GAAP basis from Fiscal 2010. The increases were primarily attributable to increased revenue, improved gross margins, and better operating leverage resulting from the increase in net revenue. For Fiscal 2011, operating expenses increased 12% on a GAAP basis and 14% on a non-GAAP basis, while operating expenses as a percentage of revenue decreased slightly.
â€˘ Net Income â€” During Fiscal 2011, net income increased 84% to $2.6 billion on a GAAP basis and 51% to $3.1 billion on a non-GAAP basis from Fiscal 2010. Net income was positively impacted by increases in operating income and a lower effective income tax rate. In addition, on a GAAP basis, Interest and Other, net increased favorably by 44% for Fiscal 2011 due primarily to a $72 million merger termination fee we received during the third quarter of Fiscal 2011. See â€śIncome and Other Taxesâ€ť and â€śInterest and Other, netâ€ť below for discussion of our effective tax rates and interest and other, net.
Fiscal 2010 compared to Fiscal 2009
â€˘ Operating Income â€” During Fiscal 2010, operating income decreased 32% to $2.2 billion on a GAAP basis and 19% to $3.0 billion on a non-GAAP basis from Fiscal 2009. The decreases in operating income were primarily attributable to a year-over-year revenue decline of 13% and a year-over-year decline in gross margin dollars on both a GAAP and non-GAAP basis. A year-over-year reduction in operating expenses on a GAAP and non-GAAP basis during Fiscal 2010 favorably impacted operating income, while operating expenses as a percentage of revenue increased slightly during the same periods.
â€˘ Net Income â€” Net income for Fiscal 2010 decreased by 42% to $1.4 billion on a GAAP basis and 28% to $2.1 billion on a non-GAAP basis from Fiscal 2009. Net income was impacted by significant declines in operating income and an unfavorable change in interest and other, net in Fiscal 2010 compared to Fiscal 2009. During Fiscal 2010 as compared to Fiscal 2009, our net income on a GAAP basis was negatively impacted by an increase in our effective income tax rate to 29.2% from 25.4%. See â€śIncome and Other Taxesâ€ť and â€śInterest and Other, netâ€ť below for discussion of our effective tax rates and interest and other, net.
Non-GAAP Financial Measures
We use non-GAAP financial measures in this Report as performance measures to supplement the financial information we present on a GAAP basis. We believe that excluding certain items from our GAAP results allows our management and investors to better understand our consolidated financial performance from period to period and in relationship to the operating results of our segments, as our management does not believe that the excluded items are reflective of our underlying operating performance. We also believe that excluding certain items from our GAAP results allows our management to better project our future consolidated financial performance because our forecasts are developed at a level of detail different from that used to prepare GAAP-based financial measures. Moreover, we believe the non-GAAP financial measures provide investors with useful information to help them evaluate our operating results by facilitating an enhanced understanding of our underlying operating performance and enabling them to make more meaningful period to period comparisons.
The non-GAAP financial measures presented in this Report include non-GAAP gross margin, non-GAAP operating expenses, non-GAAP operating income, non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP earnings per share. These non-GAAP financial measures, as defined by us, represent the comparable GAAP financial measures adjusted to exclude primarily the following items: acquisition-related charges; amortization of purchased intangible assets related to acquisitions; severance and facility action costs; accelerated stock option expenses that were incurred in Fiscal 2009, a merger termination fee that was received during the third quarter of Fiscal 2011; and amounts for the settlement of the SEC investigation, as well as the settlement of a securities litigation matter, which were incurred during the first quarter of Fiscal 2011. We provide below more detail regarding each of these items and our reasons for excluding the items. In future periods, we expect that we may again exclude such items and may incur income and expenses similar to these excluded items. Accordingly, the exclusion of these items and other similar items in our non-GAAP presentation should not be interpreted as implying that the items are non-recurring, infrequent, or unusual.
MANAGEMENT DISCUSSION FOR LATEST QUARTER
Thanks, Regina. With me today are Michael Dell, Brian Gladden and Steve Felice.
During Q4, we spoke with many of you about creating a more efficient earnings process. Based on that feedback, we are condensing our prepared comments and expanding our web deck. In Q1, we will add a key topics document. These materials, along with our DellShares VLog, will be distributed well in advance of the call, and I encourage you to review them for additional perspective.
Next, I'd like to remind you that all statements made during this call that relate to future results and events are forward-looking statements that are based on current expectations. Actual results and events could differ materially from those projected in the forward-looking statements because of a number of risks and uncertainties which are discussed in our annual and quarterly SEC filings and in the cautionary statement in our press release and our web deck. We assume no obligation to update our forward-looking statements.
Please also note that we will be referring to non-GAAP financial measures, including non-GAAP gross margins, operating expenses, operating income, net income and earnings per share. Historical non-GAAP measures are reconciled to the most directly comparable GAAP measures in the web deck posted on the Investor Relations section at dell.com, and in our press release and 8-K filed today. I encourage you to review these documents. Please also note that unless otherwise mentioned, all growth percentages refer to year-over-year progress.
Now, I'll turn it over to Brian.
Brian T. Gladden
Thanks, Rob. The fiscal year 2012 was a strong year with great financial results for Dell. We also made important progress towards our key strategic initiatives. To highlight a few key examples, we continue to enhance our enterprise solutions capabilities by adding important intellectual property from acquired companies like SecureWorks, Compellent and Force10. We improved the cost position, execution and profitability of our client business, building on the success of the past 2 years. We strategically invested in data center capacity and solution center capabilities around the world. And finally, we significantly increased the number of solutions sales specialists and increased our enterprise R&D spending. These investments have helped to reshape our business and will do so over the long term.
For the year, consolidated revenue was $62.1 billion, and we delivered a record $18.6 billion in enterprise solutions and services revenue. This business now represents 30% of revenue and almost 50% of gross margin dollars. Consolidated operating income was 7.1% of revenue for the year, which is right on our long-term target. And cash flow from operations was $5.5 billion, up 39%.
From here, I'll refer to non-GAAP financial measures.
Our full year results were in line with the outlook we provided in our November earnings call. In addition, at the beginning of the year we said we would grow operating income 6% to 12% and revenue 5% to 9%. Despite a challenging macro environment, we delivered 24% operating income growth and 1% growth in revenue.
We had record gross margin dollars, record operating income and record non-GAAP earnings per share of $2.13 per share, which was up 34%. While we're very pleased with our strategic progress and our total year financial results, we did expect to do a bit better. There were a few areas in the fourth quarter that negatively impacted our gross margins, and I want to address those now.
We called out the global hard drive situation as a challenge for the quarter, and while we were effective in shaping demand and pricing for hard drive cost increases, we were impacted by the available mix of drives. We prioritized high-end drives to relationship customers, resulting in a product mix that was less profitable than normal in Consumer and our after point-of-sale hard drive business. Second, we worked through the remaining inventory of our previous-generation phones, primarily impacting our Consumer business. And finally, our Public business growth was impacted by continued weakness in U.S. public spending, which did not improve during the quarter. This resulted in a more significant sequential decline and margin pressure than we would typically see in the business in the fourth quarter. These 3 areas combined negatively impacted us by about $100 million.
Now let's take a closer look at the fourth quarter P&L. Our key performance metrics and additional details are provided for your reference on Pages 8 and 9 in the web deck. We delivered revenue of $16 billion for the quarter, which represents growth of 2% and included a 14th week, which we estimate to be 3 percentage points of added growth. Our gross margins were 21.7%, up 20 basis points year-over-year but down 140 basis points sequentially. Consistent with our views going into the quarter, we effectively managed operating expenses while continuing to fund strategic investments. For the quarter, OpEx declined 10 basis points sequentially to 14.6% of revenue.
Operating income was $1.1 billion or 7.1% of revenue. Interest and other expenses were $24 million, driven by a $45 million gain on the sale of an investment. Our tax rate was 18.4%, driven by an increase in earnings in lower tax jurisdictions and tax benefits that we don't anticipate to repeat in FY '13.
Earnings per share declined 4% to $0.51 per share. Our cash conversion cycle was a negative 36 days. Days receivable and days of inventory were flat relative to the third quarter. Days payable increased 5 days from the third quarter, primarily driven by the extra week that was in the fourth quarter.
We generated $1.4 billion in cash flow from operations and ended the quarter with $18.2 billion in cash and investments. We repurchased $561 million in stock in the fourth quarter and $2.7 billion or 178 million shares for the year. As we enter the fiscal 2013, we will maintain our disciplined approach to capital management, balancing cash needed for strategic investments and repurchase activities.
Now let's take a look at our lines of business, which you'll find detailed on Pages 13 through 18 of our deck. In the fourth quarter, we had record revenue in our enterprise solutions and services business of $4.9 billion. Dell Services revenue grew 12% to $2.2 billion while improving margins. The total value of new Services contracts signed is $1.9 billion on a trailing 12-month basis, and Services backlog increased 11% to $15.5 billion, led by contracted Services backlog growth of 13%. We're very pleased with the progress of our Services business as we head into FY '13.
Server and networking revenue increased 6%. Total storage declined 13% while Dell-owned IP storage growth accelerated 33% to $463 million, led by continued growth in all of our Dell IP categories including Compellent, which saw over 60% sequential revenue growth.
Our desktop revenue was up 3% while our notebook revenue was up 1%. Premium products gained share year-over-year for the sixth consecutive quarter. Revenue for our software and peripheral business declined 4% for the quarter to $2.6 billion. This continues to be an area where we'll see the effects of pruning the low-margin elements of the portfolio.
Now I'll turn it over to Steve to provide some background on our business unit and regional results.
Stephen J. Felice
Thanks, Brian. I'll turn now to the segment level performance, which is detailed on Pages 20 through 23 of the web deck. Our commercial business approached $13 billion for the quarter, led by the strong performances in Large Enterprise and the Small and Medium business which were up collectively 5%, with sequential op inc growth of 6%.
Large Enterprise saw broad-based growth across both the client and enterprise solutions and services. Our Large Enterprise services revenue increased 18% as we continue to expand our vertical expertise and develop service solutions that are relevant to our customers' business needs. Overall demand continues to be softer in the U.S., but we did see good growth in both EMEA and APJ.
Public revenue was down slightly versus the prior year. Like last quarter, the primary drivers are the continued weakness in the U.S., Public and Western Europe sectors. For U.S. federal, we continue to see the slower spending pattern that we saw in Q3 after the government's fiscal year ended in September. Despite the overall revenue decline though, Services revenue increased 7% and our Dell IP storage revenue was up 32%, so these are good examples of our government customers utilizing Dell solutions to help drive productivity.
Small Medium business saw strong growth across all regions, including the U.S. Enterprise solutions and services performance hit an all-time high during the quarter, generating growth of 18%. SMB also delivered the highest growth in services across all segments at 28%.
The Consumer business delivered 2.7% op inc for the full year, in line with the expectations that we set one year ago but in the fourth quarter, results were mixed. Total revenue and margin weakness was largely concentrated in the U.S. market with a decline of 15%. We continued to see good progress on our high-end Consumer systems as our XPS notebook revenue increased 103% for the full year. So while we're disappointed in Q4 profitability, we're pleased with the overall progress made during fiscal year 2012 as the Consumer business grew op inc by $259 million versus the previous year.
Geographically, we saw 10% growth in our Asia-Pacific region during Q4, including 15% growth in China, while EMEA growth accelerated to 8% despite the challenging macroeconomic background. Growth countries continue to be a key driver as well, growing 8% in Q4 and finishing the year up 12%.
And with that, I'll turn it back over to Brian to discuss our outlook.
Brian T. Gladden
Thanks, Steve. But before we get to the outlook, let me just clarify our cash flow from operations for the quarter was $1.8 billion.
We're committed to executing our strategy and are encouraged by the progress we've made in the fiscal year '12 results. We're shifting the mix of the company's revenues and margin, and our enterprise solutions and services businesses now account for 30% of our revenue, up from 24% 3 years ago. We continue to make the necessary organic and inorganic investments to accelerate this progress. This will be the same play we run in fiscal year '13.
For the next fiscal year, we'll continue to focus on and prioritize operating income and cash flow as we make the necessary investments to reshape the company. We expect earnings per share for fiscal year '13 to exceed the record $2.13 we delivered in fiscal year '12.
We also expect to deliver strong cash flow again, with cash flow from operations exceeding our net income. With our primary objective continuing to be one of reshaping the company for the future, combined with today's more uncertain environment and our continued pruning activities, we're not providing a revenue outlook for the year. We feel this will allow us to focus both externally and internally on our key strategic priorities. We plan to update our longer-term outlook at our analyst meeting in June.
We're committed to a disciplined capital allocation strategy. This past year, we allocated $2.7 billion to share repurchase, $2.6 billion to acquisitions in our Enterprise portfolio and increased our R&D and CapEx by over 30%, respectively. For fiscal year '13, we plan to allocate 10% to 30% of free cash flow to share repurchase, and we expect to spend approximately $700 million on capital expenses. We anticipate interest and other to average approximately $60 million a quarter and are projecting a full year tax rate between 19% and 21%.
For the first quarter and consistent with what you've heard from others in the industry, we're still seeing some uncertainty around the hard disk supply and pricing. We expect drive mix management to continue to be challenging, but not as impactful as in the fourth quarter. We also anticipate good customer receptivity to the launch of our 12th generation server line, which will occur in the first quarter.
Over the past 3 years, our first quarter revenue has averaged approximately a 4% sequential decline. When normalized for the 14th week, this decline is closer to 7%. We expect our first quarter revenue to be approximately in line with this adjusted historical decline.
Before we take questions, let me close with a few summary points. We remain fully committed to our strategy. Our FY '12 financial results were excellent and we delivered record revenue, op income and earnings per share. There are a few areas we'd like to improve on from our fourth quarter results, and our fourth -- our fiscal year '13 outlook calls for continued mix shift to enterprise solutions and services and a continued commitment to key investments in this area. And finally, we expect to see year-over-year growth in earnings per share.
Now let me turn it over to Rob to get the Q&A started.
Thanks, Brian. Just a quick reminder to please limit your questions to one, with one follow-up. Regina, can we have the first question?